Certain populations are at higher risk for diabetes
(NC)—More than 2.5 million Canadians have diabetes and millions more have pre-diabetes - a condition that occurs when blood glucose levels are higher than normal.
If you belong to one of the following ethnic populations, you are at higher risk of developing diabetes:
All Canadians are also asked to keep an eye out for the following symptoms, which may be a sign of type 2 diabetes:
Unplanned weight change (gain or loss)
Extreme fatigue or lack of energy
Frequent or recurring infections
Cuts and bruises that are slow to heal
Tingling or numbness in hands or feet
Type 2 diabetes is caused by a combination of genetic and behavioural factors. To reduce the likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes, Canadians are encouraged to eat a balanced diet that includes fibre, fruit and vegetables, and to exercise, monitor blood pressure, and to consult healthcare providers about testing cholesterol and glucose.
You can also determine your risk of developing type 2 diabetes by taking the CANRISK questionnaire developed by the Public Health Agency of Canada. CANRISK is available at www.phac-aspc.gc.ca, at Shoppers Drug Mart/ Pharmaprix, Pharmasave, Rexall, Loblaw pharmacies, or through a free app available at the Apple store. It can also be ordered free of charge by calling 1-800-O-Canada.
Canadians are also encouraged to consult Your Guide to Diabetes, and make appropriate lifestyle changes that can reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes. The Guide is also available at www.phac-aspc.gc.ca, and can be ordered free of charge by calling 1-800-O-Canada.
Both CANRISK and Your Guide to Diabetes are available in 11 alternate languages: Chinese Traditional, Chinese Simplified, Korean, Vietnamese, Punjabi, Urdu, Gujarati, Tamil, Tagalog, Farsi, and Spanish, which can be ordered through e-mail at PSD-DPS@phac-aspc.gc.ca.
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